"Witches steal young children out of their credles, ministerio dæmonum, and put deformed in their rooms, which we will call changelings." -- Robert Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy  

Fear and Danger

  "Fear of danger is ten thousand times more terrifying than danger itself." -- Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe                                                              

Rationalization and Reification

"Arthur Mitzmann argues, in The Iron Cage (1969) that the logic of rationalization permits a comparison not only of Marx and Weber, but also of Nietzsche with both:  'All three men saw rationalization leading to an unparalleled reification...

Marxism and Subjectivity

"The significance attributed to subjectivity influenced Marxism at several levels.  For example, it helped determine the epistemology at the basis of the theory: did the mind passively reflect external sense-data, as the orthodox Marxists...

Capitalist Freedom and Communist Freedom

"Marxism, understood as the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, offers us a tale of two cities: one that claims to have freedom but doesn't, and another that possesses bountiful freedom for all, but few know where it is or how to get...


"According to Eugene Victor Debs (1855-1926, American socialist), riches are "the savings of many in the hands of one".  In other words, riches are not a gift from God to the wealthy, but an offering from labor to capital.              ...


John D. Rockefeller claimed that riches are "a gift from heaven signifying, 'This is my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased.'" Of course, Rockefeller must believe that the riches of the wealthy are somehow an award demonstrating God's...

The Market

"Marx himself erred in considering the market an obsolescent aspect of production." -- Donald David Weiss, The Specter of Capitalism and the Promise     of a Classless Society, 1993                                                      ...

Speculation and Surplus Value

"'Method' is nothing less, but also nothing more, than the conventional as it is realized at a given time and place.  To see this is to stop thinking that the operation of an economy could be conventionalized: reduced to a thoroughly...


According to Thomas Jefferson, merchants are "the least virtuous citizens and possess the least amor patriae."  President Obama is advocating economic patriotism (amor patriae is love of one's own country).  Are corporate authorities and...


"Women have two weapons — cosmetics and tears." -- Napoleon I (Napoleon Bonaparte, 1769-1821, French military and    political leader)  


"The Infinite has written its name on the heavens in shining stars, and on the earth in tender flowers." -- Jean Paul Richter (Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 1763-1825,    German Romantic writer)             

Adult Toys

According to Jean Follain (1903-1971, French author, poet and corporate lawyer), weapons are "adult toys."  In the spirit of that famous hippie slogan make love, not war perhaps it is time that human beings learned there are even better...


Niccolo Machiavelli defines arms as "the principal foundations of all states."                                                                   

Human Sexuality

"The end of humanity in respect of sexuality is to preserve the species without debasing the person." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)      


"As our social system is so arranged that we take part in the universal and open give and take of business with peculiar profit to ourselves, our acts of charity to others should not be regarded as acts of generosity, but as small efforts...


"All strength is recognized only by the obstacles it can overcome." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)            

Hope and Happiness

"All hope is directed towards happiness." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                                        

The State and Education

"The state has no money left to pay efficient teachers who perform their job with gusto, because the state needs everything for its wars." -- Immanuel Kant, The Quarrel Between the Faculties, 1798                                


"Man is the only being who needs education." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                  

Duty and Obligation

"Duty is that action to which a person is obligated." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)  

Democracy Has Defining and Confining Limits

"We need to know the limits of democracy, and we should not go beyond them if we can help it." -- Paul Woodruff, First Democracy: The Challenge of an Ancient Idea,    2005                                                "W

The Occident's First Democratic Experiment

"Ancient Greek democracy was probably not the world's first attempt.  But it was their First Democracy, and in the long, tortured legacy of European experiments in government, it is our First Democracy as well." -- Paul Woodruff, First...

Failures of Democracy

"Democracy is hard to define, but failures of democracy are fairly easy to spot." -- Paul Woodruff, First Democracy: The Challenge of an Ancient Idea,    2005                       

Democracy: An Attractive Ideal

"Democracy is a beautiful idea — government by and for the people.  Democracy promises us the freedom to exercise our highest capacities while it protects us from our own worst tendencies.  In democracy as it ought to be, all adults are...