Consciousness and Objects

  "We may indeed call everything, even every representation, so far as we are conscious of it, an object." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                                       

Necessity and Morality

"Necessity cannot cancel morality." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                          

Needs

"Many are our needs, or things we have made our needs." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                           

Morality and Religion

"Morality is in no need of religion.  Morality is self-sufficient." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                               

Morality and Religion

"Morality leads inevitably to religion." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                                     

Aversion to Reason

"Misology is hatred of reason." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                       

Philosophy and Words

"Philosophy becomes aware of the different meanings in the same word." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                             

Human Being as Social Being

"Man is a being intended for society." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                  

Judging Human Beings

"We can judge the heart of man by his treatment of animals." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                       

Knowledge

"God created the world for knowledge." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                           

Cogito

"The I think expresses the act of determining my own spiritual existence." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                 

Inner Worth and Being Worthy of Esteem

"The less inner worth a man has, the less esteem does he deserve." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                         

Ethics and Virtue

"Ethics is sometimes described as the theory of virtue." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                               

Means and Ends

"The means derive all their value from the end." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)    

Appearance as Phenomenon

"Appearances are called phenomena." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                                       

Thinking Seriously About Beauty

"Why should God have made nature and its works beautiful unless it was for our contemplation?" -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                             

Benevolent Altruism

"Beneficence is the maxim to make the happiness of others an end in itself." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                 

Knowledge and Belief

"I had to restrict knowledge, in order to make room for belief." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                    

Education

"Man can only become man by education." -- Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804, German philosopher)                                              

The Anti-Political Nietzsche

"Friedrich Nietzsche's bombastic political claims should not always be read literally, since they enact a cryptic ambiguity and rhetorical play that must be recognized in Nietzsche's style; and Nietzsche did call himself 'anti-political...

Nietzsche and Democracy

"Whatever political views Friedrich Nietzsche did entertain, he should have preferred democracy to any other political arrangement  — and this in the spirit of his own thinking." -- Lawrence J. Hatab, A Nietzschean Defense of Democracy: An...

Exhibition-Dreams

"Dreams of nakedness are exhibition-dreams." -- Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939, Jewish Austrian neurologist and    founder of psychoanalysis)                                                                         

Sexual Abstinence

"In considering the question of abstinence, far too little distinction is made between two forms of it, namely, abstention from any kind of sexual activity at all, and abstention from heterosexual inter- course." -- Sigmund Freud (1856...

Philosophical Critique and Practical Social Transformation

"What kind of critique can be provided by philosophy taken in traditional sense as pure abstract thought, as a particular, isolated, exclusively theoretical sphere of social consciousness which is the subject matter studied by a group of...

Values and Knowledge

"Values are always present in all our inquiry.  This is one of the distinguishing characteristics of human inquiry.  In contrast to 'thinking machines,' man is an emotive being.  He has all kinds of interests and objectives — individual...