Inventors, Investors and Innovators

Pioneers in business -- product pioneers and entrepreneurial pioneers -- often get slaughtered.  Inventors, as well as investors, often get eliminated in the market.  Capitalism does not always -- perhaps capitalism does not usually...

Reflection and Action

"Reflection must be placed at the service of action, actual historical engagement, but it cannot be dispensed with nor its importance minimized.  It must accompany the experience of success and failure, it must try to penetrate the nature...

Personal Responsibility and Existing History

"Each of us must decide on which side of the scale we will place the sum total of our actions.  We cannot escape responsibility for our personal role in history if it contributes to the oppression of the poor and the helpless." -- José...

Feuerbach and Marx

"Like Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach, Karl Marx insisted that to choose God was to sacrifice man.  Using the language of Feuerbach, Marx wrote: 'Religion is the affirmation not of self-consciousness, but the consciousness alienated from...

Dialectical Materialism

"Karl Marx had read and was tremendously impressed with a pamphlet written by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon on the subject of property, in which Proudhon was trying to apply the dialectics of G. W. F. Hegel to economics.  One night at the...

Historical Criticism and Philosophical Materialism

"While other Germans like David Friedrich Strauss (1808-1847) and Ferdinand Christian Bauer (1792-1860) were trying to destroy Christianity through historical criticism, Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach (1804-1872) in his Essence of...

Stalin and the Russian Psyche

"If we want to understand why ordinary Russians admired and many adored Stalin in spite of all his monstrous crimes, if we want to understand how is was possible that even persons who suffered unjustly in concentration camps for years were...

Foundationalism: Correspondence as Cognition

"Foundationalism's goals are to show that there is a specific mode of knowing which satisfies the correspondence relation and to specify the general conditions (pertaining to knowledge, objects, and their relation) which make this...

The Dead

"The dead are dead and getting deader all the time." -- William Maker, Philosophy Without Foundations: Rethinking Hegel,    1994  

Abolition of Classes

"Abolishing classes is a 'socialistic' priority in a robust sense. And it is not at all obvious that it can occur where capital still holds sway." -- Donald David Weiss, The Specter of Capitalism and the Promise    of a Classless...

Liberalism Versus Socialism

Welfare state liberalism is not socialism.  Welfare state liberalism intends to reform capitalism in order to conserve capitalism. Socialism, however, intends to remove capitalism in order to construct socialism.   Franklin Delano...

Safety Nets and the Market

"The main objective of liberal measures is to soften the blow of capitalism through deft placement of 'safety nets,' so that, for example, our worst-off citizens can be prevented from starving or bleeding to death.  Such stratagems,...

Economics and Scarcity

"Every introductory textbook tells us that 'economics deals with the allocation of scarce resources.' Economists take this presumption of scarcity as their point of departure, and it is certainly reasonable for them to do so.  But...

The Rationalization of Technology and the Classless Society

"The centerpiece of Marxian aspiration, the classless society, may be feasible for roughly the same reasons Marx thought it was.  Thus, despite our sometimes profound differences with Marx, we remain faithful to his project to this extent:...

The Collapse of Eastern European Communism

"One might be tempted to say that Marx stands refuted by the apparent collapse of the economy of Eastern Europe, but Marxists have their own way of reading these events." -- Donald David Weiss, The Specter of Capitalism and the Promise  ...

Bourgeois, Capitalist, and the Market

"If we may use the word 'bourgeois' to refer specifically to the class-divided form of the market society, we must conclude, pro Marx, that the bourgeois order is a passing phase of social history. But if we use 'capitalist' to refer to the...

Philosophy, Emancipation and Utopian Dreams

"Have the schemes of emancipation proposed by social philosophers contributed much to human history?  Some would say: most of these ivory-tower proposals are impossible -- hence worthless.   "That may be an understatement.  Others would...

Philosophers

"Philosophy has always been much more than a simple clarification of concepts.  Most great philosophers in the past have attempted to say something about the most general, fundamental structure of reality, the basic principles of...

Theological and Dogmatic Marxism

"Sartre was more or less right in criticizing 'lazy,' superficial, reductive Marxism.  I find myself in profound disagreement with most of the people who describe themselves as Marxists.  The reason is that faced with Marx's complex,...

Objectivity Versus Mystification

"Scientific and logical objectivity are the best weapons against any ideological mystification." -- Mihailo Marković, Serbian Marxist humanist philosopher, 1923-    2010                                     

Republican Liberty

"The republican conception of liberty should appeal to liberals, in so far as it focuses on people's individual power of choice and thus has much in common with the negative notion of freedom as non-interference.  And it should appeal to...

Political Axioms

"Every grand approach to politics gives us an axiom or set of axioms from which judgements on more particular institutional matters are meant to flow; the axioms need not represent a unique base of justification, as in a foundationalist...