Of Generalized Commodity Production

Capitalism is not only a commodity-producing political economy; it is also a commodity-generating political economy.  Capitalism breeds commodities.  Capitalism induces and imposes commodity production.  For example, clean water has become...

Of the Songs of Laborers

"There exist labor songs, but no work songs.  The songs of the craftsman are social; they are sung after work." -- Hannah Arendt (Johanna Arendt, 1906 – 1975, German-American    political theorist) ...

Of Miseries and Pleasures

"To get an idea of our fellow countrymen's miseries, we have only to take a look at their pleasures." -- George Eliot (pen name of Mary Anne Evans, 1819 – 1880, English     novelist, journalist and translator)   ...

Of the Human Spirit

"The human spirit creates for itself its own nature and its own laws. The human spirit creates for itself its own ethical nature and its own moral laws." -- Anonymous                                           

Of Staying on the Right Path

"Most people stay on the right path only on the way to their grave." -- Theo Mestrum (1956 -           , Dutch aphorist)                                

Of Belief

"Belief passes, but to have believed never passes." -- Eric Hoffer (1902 – 1983, American moral and social philosopher)                                          

Of the Right and the True

"If it is not right, don't do it: if it is not true, don't say it." -- Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus,    121 AD – 180 AD, Roman Emperor, last of the Five Good Emperors,    and Stoic philosopher) ...

Of Freedom, Spirituality and Rationality

What is human nature?  It is freedom.  What is freedom?  Human freedom is difficult to define, but freedom includes both spirituality and rationality.  What is freedom without spirituality?  What is freedom without rationality?    ...

Of Loneliness

"Loneliness is a nest for the thoughts." -- Kyrgyzstan saying                                                 

On The Purpose of Writing

"The only end of writing is to enable the readers better to enjoy life or better to endure it." -- Samuel Johnson (1709 – 1784, Dr. Johnson, English writer, poet,    essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor, lexicographer)

The Marxist-Christian Dialogue

"In the area of theology, the most obvious disagreement between Marxists and Christians has to do with the charges and countercharges concerning theism and atheism.  While the variations in the controversy between Christian theists and...

Of Supply and Demand

When discussing supply and demand in a commodity capitalist economy it is important not to confuse demand with need.  In a commodity capitalist economy, supply meets demand, not human needs.  Demand is always pecuniary demand.  Where there...

Marxist Socialism: Anti-Statist and Anti-Market Socialism

"Marx's socialism was simultaneously anti-statist and anti-market. It could not be otherwise for a revolutionary who theorized socialism as the self-emancipation of the working class and a transition to a society of freedom.  Marx...

The Conflictive Rise of Capitalism

"The separation of laborers from their means of production is the key to the rise of capitalism.  This separation was no gradual, harmonious process, but it involved force and suffering.  The emerging working class fought bitterly to...

Marx's Critique of the Market

"The history of the working-class movement is a history of resistance to the tyranny of the market and its laws.  From anti-enclosure riots to Luddite rebellions, from the campaign against the New Poor Law to struggles against factory...

The Marxist Critique of State Socialism and Market Socialism

"There is an interesting symmetry in the shift of many on the Left from an adherence to the state as the agency of socialist construction to an embrace of the market.  While market socialism is often presented as an alternative to statism,...

Of Fee-Free Public Goods and Services

Conservative talking heads speak tediously about there being no free lunch, and about public education not really being free, as if people do not understand that "free public education" means fee-free public education.  So also, "free...

Of Republicanism

Ironically, conservative Republicans are against socialized education, socialized healthcare, socialized industry, socialized housing, etc.  And yet, to socialize is to republicanize; to socialize anything is to make it a social thing, res...

Of Society

Max Stirner, German philosopher and individualist anarchist, believed that society is an evil, but a necessary evil.  If there is a social instinct in human beings, then Stirner's philosophy would seem to imply that this social instinct is...

Of Fighting for Freedom

We assume that human freedom is worth striving for, that there is value, merit, and excellence in contending and fighting for more freedom.                      

Of Knowledge and Truth

"Karl Barth [1886 – 1968, a Swiss Reformed theologian] elected to abandon the possibility of knowledge so that he might cling fast to truth, while Richard Rorty [1931 – 2007, an American philosopher] turns away from truth in order to save...

Of Human Rights and Human Needs

In my opinion, human rights should be based on human needs. Human liberties ought to be based upon human needs.                                                 

Of Commodity Exchange and Scarcity

Exchange-value fluctuates with supply and demand fluctuations, but not utility-value.  A decrease in supply usually results in an increase in exchange-value, and an increase in demand can result in an increase of exchange-value.  But no...

Of Philosophical Presuppositions

"Philosophical presuppositions do not exist in an historical vacuum.  They must themselves be understood in the context of the possibilities and limitations which characterize the general situation in contemporary metaphysics." --...