Socialist Origins in the United States (3)

"The period during which modern socialism was conceived in the United States was marked by the birth of the American labor movement in Philadelphia with the setting up there in 1827 of the Mechanics' Union of Trade Associations.' Previously...

Socialist Origins in the United States (2)

"The conditions were laid out of which an embryonic theory of modern socialism and labor movement could arise in the United States by the growth there of industrial capitalism at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Whilst the path for the...

Marx and the Authentic Man (3)

"More than one billion people of the world live under regimes that claim to be based on Marx's inspiration. One of these, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.), has reached a stage of development where it can compete with the U.S.A....

Marx and the Authentic Man (2)

"Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883) was a voracious reader of serious works, and such books always leave traces of their influence on a studious reader. "During his university studies Marx devoted much attention to Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and...

Marx and the Authentic Man (1)

"Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in Trier, Cermany, from Jewish parents. His father (Heinrich Marx) was a lawyer who, two years before Karl's birth, became a convert to Protestant Christianity. This conversion, however, was not based...

Socialist Origins in the United States (1)

"Criticising the view that socialism would have first to be imported from abroad, Marx and Engels wrote (in The German Ideology, written 1845/46) that in fact, 'they [the North Americans] have had, since 1829, their own socialistic democratic...

Marx and the New Individual (1)

"Ian Forbes's discussion of Marx (Marx and the New Individual, 1990) as a theorist of individuality could not come at a more apposite time. In many ways the 1980s were marked (many would say scarred) by the dominance of a narrow individualism in...

Sociology and Socialism (1)

"That a close connection exists between sociology and socialism is evident. The terms themselves came into use, initially in France, at approximately the same time during the 1830s, and the new ideas which they expressed were derived to a large...

Thoughts

Capital is divided into (1) material capital, and (2) human capital. Unlike material capital, human capital cannot be bought or sold, except in the case of slavery, according to current economic theory. Human capital is that body of knowledge...

Thoughts

Capital exists in two fundamental aspects: (1) Physical capital (2) Finance capital The capitalist cannot acquire wealth beyond the physical capital the capitalist begins with, unless productive labor is added to the physical capital,...

Thoughts

Ability to pay comes before willing to pay. What is medical care worth, if the alternative to care is a lengthy and painful death, or an agonizing and distressing life? There are goods and there are services that are worth far more than the...

Thoughts

There is mental and manual labor, intellectual and physical labor. The desire of marxist socialists is that these dual labors be united in every human being as responsible and rational producers, as knowledgeable and thoughtful producers. ...

Thoughts

According to Atlanta radio personality, Neal Boortz: "Millionaires are millionaires because they made the right decision." If this is true, then this is a far cry from the classical bourgeois-liberal opinion that personal wealth ought to be...

Thoughts

When we the people have constituted a democracy, then we the people will be free to solve whatever problem a democracy might encounter or engender.  I am satisfied with this; those who oppose democracy are not satisfied with this.  It is up to...

Thoughts

I try to be very clear concerning the principles of the social-democracy I advocate. The principles of socialism and of democracy must inform the possible practices of both socialism and of democracy. In principle, I advocate both anarchism and...

Thoughts

The principle -- "From each according to ability; to each according to need" -- is a subsistence and sensible principle of economy. Let people work where they are best able to work productively; and, let people take what they need for life. If...

Thoughts

Capitalism does not supply all that people need. Capitalism cannot supply all that people need.  Capitalist societies do have starvation.  The best that capitalist societies can do to escape the moral problem of hunger and poverty is to create a...

Thoughts

If I allow you the freedom to fulfil your self-declared needs, then you owe it to me to allow me also to fulfil my self-professed needs.  If the community entitles every individual with the freedom to satisfy their own self-expressed needs, then...

Thoughts

Intellectual exchange ought to have some political relevance. People can debate about liberty, while saying nothing about what libertarian ideas and ideals have to do with the rule of capital over the life of human beings. In my opinion, this is...

Thoughts

How can a right be both eternal and natural, and yet have been formerly unknown to human beings, and unowned by human beings? Every right we enjoy today is constituted both by social convention and by social consent.  Every right we are...

Thoughts

The word exist has an everyday meaning, a quotidian meaning. But exist also has a special and precise meaning, especially when the discussion has to do with the ontology of rights.  Thomas Aquinas had a natural law view of right; and the natural...

Thoughts

It is said that, in a constitutional republic wisdom is not necessary to be a representative of the people. However, to be a true representative of the people, one ought to listen to the people, and represent the authentic will of the...

Thoughts

How, or why is Neal Boortz's point -- "A lynch mob is a democracy." -- a basically valid point? Even if it be granted, for the sake of debate, that a democracy can or could conduct itself improperly as a lynch mob conducts itself, can we say that...

Thoughts

I was listening to radio talk-show entertainer, Neal Boortz, the other day, and heard him say that, "A lynch mob is a democracy". He says this kind of stuff a lot, off and on, whenever he takes the time to lambaste the notion of democracy.   ...

Marx and Wittgenstein (10)

"Behaviorism takes many forms and involves a series of doctrines.  Its philosophic core is the belief that it is possible to delete a mentalist vocabulary from the scientific study of man. This seems to be Ernest Nagel's ('Problems of concept and...