Thoughts

Can a contract be fraudulent, inequitable, and/or immoral? If so, how? If there is no capitalist state in a capitalist anarchy, then how are laws made effective, and who will make and enforce the rules that will govern an anarcho-capitalist...

Thoughts

The private proprietors of capital devote capital resources; and these profiteers will usually speculate as to what will be the future effective demand for whatever is produced  and provided by their resource allocation decisions. ...

Marx and Wittgenstein (1)

"There are substantial parallels between the work of Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951).  Marx and Wittgenstein can be usefully synthesized, and this will lead to some unique perspectives on the character of social...

Thoughts

It can be reasonably argued that there is a primary want of food, water, and clean air. Without these primary and essential  wants, these elemental and ultimate wants, there will be no one alive to play with golf clubs, etc. These primary wants...

Thoughts

Mahatma Gandhi spoke of satyagraha (holding on to truth), anekantvada (the many- sidedness of truth), ahimsa (non-violence), and sarvodaya (universal self-realization). "What we learn with pleasure we never forget." -- Louis...

Thoughts

In the Dictionary of Theories, by Jennifer Bothamley, Ronald Barker defines the theory of exploitation: "Exploitation occurs where a person or institution systematically gives to another rewards or services or goods disproportionately smaller...

Thoughts

Private property that is used to exploit wage labor is capital. If you believe that a tractor goes around exploiting people, then a tractor is, by definition, capital. If it is true that "guns do not kill people, people kill people", then it...

Thoughts

If the propertyless producers end up having all they started with -- which is little or no personal property -- then how can rational producers ever come to believe in a system of private property? Who ought to end up getting possession of the...

Thoughts

"Liberty too can corrupt, and absolute liberty can corrupt absolutely." -- Gertrude Himmelfarb When conquered people pay tribute to their conquerors, is this free exchange, is this fair exchange? When propertyless people pay...

Thoughts

Economic activity is not so much about freedom and voluntarism; it is more about material necessity.  Economic activity is all about habitual and persistent production; it is all about the everyday urgency and compulsion to industry and the...

Thoughts

Why do some believe that a republic cannot, by definition, be a democracy? If the founders of these United States, the framers of the U. S. Constitution, did not define republic, then how come some conservative chatterboxes believe that if a...

Thoughts

If you limit the franchise to citizens owning substantial property, then you limit citizenship to the very same class of people. Although a plutocracy is a republic, a democracy is also a republic. Was it a responsible vote when property...

Thoughts

Dr. Walter E. Williams (John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va.) wrote: "High up on my list of annoyances are references to the United States as a democracy and the suggestion that Iraq...

Thoughts

Taking away the right of direct producers to own firsthand what they have directly produced has made it very easy to bring about the modern system of capitalism. Anti-socialists and anti-democrats pretend to worry about minority rights in a...

Thoughts

The profit motive is not my criterion of success.  The capitalist criterion of success is an optimal maximization of profit. But, the subjective motive is not an objective measure. Optimal performance in production and distribution...

Thoughts

Capitalism is the ideological expression of the bourgeois concern for establishing political and economic conditions necessary for, or conducive to, the wealth of nations and of individuals.  Capitalism, as an ideology, is very concerned about...

Thoughts

There are ideological capitalists who believe that the United States and the other fully-developed industrial, or post-industrial, capitalist nations have adopted, or adapted, some of the aspects of socialism and of democracy. Whether or not...

Thoughts

Is the so-called anthropic cosmological principle a theory? In some ways, it seems, this principle is something very much like the theological and creationist cosmogony/ cosmology. There are some professional scientists who accept the anthropic ...

Thoughts

I am not sure that every creationist belief, opinion, judgment, inference, position, notion, concept, impression, perception, etc. can be written off as superstition. Although I am a professed atheist, it is quite possible that I am still a...

Thoughts

Both creationism and evolutionism are theories, and only one of these theories enjoys a commanding dominance when it comes to the general and collective consensus of opinion within the modern scientific community.  The difference between...

Thoughts

What is the "huge difference" between a scientific theory, such as the theory of evolution, and a superstitious/mythological hypothesis? Or rather, what is the difference between an hypothesis, and a theory? The word "hypothesis" simply means, as...

Thoughts

There is a consensus among scientific biologists that the theory of organic evolution is the most reasonable and the most responsible theory there is to explain both what was and what is, as these are observed in fossilized remains and in...

Thoughts

Does a criticism of Athenian democracy serve to discredit élitist forms of democracy -- such as a pluto-democracy, or, a capitalist democracy? Was the Athenian democracy a libertarian kind of democracy, or an equalitarian kind of democracy? If...

Thoughts

Yes, I equate anarchism and democracy. I also equate every other form of political government with élitism, including autocracy, monarchy, aristocracy, plutocracy, and oligarchy. When it comes to the public and political self-government of...

Thoughts

Americans cannot solve the Northern Ireland problem. We do not live in Northern Ireland. We do not know enough about the desires and dreams of the people of Northern Ireland. But, the problems of Northern Ireland were not created by democracy....