Thoughts

The United States economy, with its liberal consumer spending and sizable consumer debt, is evidence that spending stimulates the national economy. "Unequal distribution of income is an excessively uneconomic method of getting the ...

Thoughts

The moral attitude of trustworthy and praiseworthy individuals has always set proper limits to excessive self-interest. Socialism will very likely collapse into statism if the socialism is federalist, rather than confederalist....

Thoughts

Selfishness is not the only nature or attribute of human beings. We tend to be selfish for two basic reasons. The first reason for human selfishness is material scarcity. When there is scarcity, we compete and we skirmish for what we need, or for...

Thoughts

Although a society may be capitalist, such a society is not self-governed; but rather, a capitalist society is governed by capital, or by a political state that is influenced and governed by capital. Socialists believe that a society which...

Thoughts

Both "society" and "socialism" are derived from the Latin word "socius", which means: united, associated, allied, shared, joint, companion, associate, fellow, partner, ally, confederate.  Of course, there is the Latin word "societas", which...

Thoughts

Like capitalism, socialism is both a political and economic system. Although authoritarian socialism certainly is abominable, democratic socialism is evidently imaginable. In the competition between capitalism and socialism, the...

Thoughts

If so-called "libertarian capitalism" has capitalist employers, then there will be bosses making some very important decisions effecting the lives of their wage-workers. If there are proprietarian employers, then there must be authoritarian and...

Thoughts

What is freedom without making decisions? John Caldwell Calhoun once said: "It is a great and dangerous error to suppose that all people are equally entitled to liberty." There are a lot of anti-democrats who will say that it is a great and...

Thoughts

As I see human nature, and human behavior, we are a social species; and, once our selfish desire for individual survival has been assuaged and assured, then our social desire for community life will be a more prominent aspiration, our desire for ...

Thoughts

There is a huge mismatch between the medical needs of so many people, and their ability to pay for what they need. Marketing is not education.  Advertising is not informative. A community is a united thing, a...

Thoughts

Before or outside community, there are no rights.  Individuals have no rights other than those rights which are constituted by their community. Civil rights, for example, have very recently been constituted by the Congress of the United States. ...

Thoughts

Duty is, in the words of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, "the true source of rights." Duty is, in the words of Immanuel Kant, "the obligation to act in reverence for law." What is duty? According to Oscar Wilde: "Duty is what one expects from...

Thoughts

Capitalism ignores the rational desires, the reasonable demands of producers who do not own industrial property. The wish of workers is to be free to engage in productive work, in order to be able to provide for themselves and their families. ...

Thoughts

If the natural family is socialistic, then it may be true that primitive tribal societies were more like communistic societies, because primitive and tribal societies were societies held together by the natural and familial bonds of kinship --...

Thoughts

In every natural community, individuals abandon their first family in order to establish a new family. What I advocate is called by many names.  Anarchism.  Socialism. Communism, Democracy, Republicanism.  Etc.  What I advocate...

Thoughts

The family is not an abstraction. Familial altruism is not an abstraction. Then, is it a possibility that the human species has, can, or will evolve(d) a social and communal altruism?  Is it possible that, when primitive tribal units formed from...

Thoughts

If I have a duty to other people, then this is a duty to a population that I happen to live with, this is a responsibility to a community that I live and work in. "Individuals" is a plural word. A community is a collection of...

Thoughts

Solitary hermits are exceptional, anomalous, and atypical; they are not the average individual, they are not the normal person. It is possible to enjoy individual liberty within a political community. When we talk about personal freedom, we...

Thoughts

There are anti-democratic anarcho-capitalists who believe that Medieval Iceland was a flourishing and prosperous anarcho-capitalist "experiment".  Let's think about this episode in the history of "anarcho-capitalism".  The Norse first occupied...

Thoughts

I cannot show you that a social-anarchist arrangement will necessarily be a successful and stable arrangement. An isolated social-anarchist community, surrounded by a militaristic and expansionist capitalist state, cannot...

Thoughts

There have been no successful socialist experiments in our modern times.  There have been no democratic practices of socialism in our modern times. Because authoritarian state-socialism is not a libertarian and democratic performance of...

Thoughts

Without an authentic democracy, a direct and deliberative democracy, a participatory and cooperative democracy, there can be no authentic socialism. There is no requirement in democratic socialist theory that citizens must do what ...

Thoughts

What if every person did not work? What if every person decided to freeload? If it is wrong to freeload in a capitalist arrangement, then it is just as wrong to freeload in a communist arrangement. If productive workers are not willing to...

Thoughts

The product of associated labor is not just the material goods produced, but also the affluent society workers live and work in. General prosperity is a direct product of everyone doing their personal productive part. The reward for labor is not...

Thoughts

What you alone produce cannot also be what is collectively produced. If we can manage to protect private property rights in a capitalist arrangement, then surely we can protect human rights in a democratic arrangement. ...