Of Hegelian and Marxian History

  “Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s philosophy of history, like the rest of his philosophy, is informed by Aristotelian categories from the outset, but he develops them and their specific application to history and society much further.  Indeed his...

Of Money, Labour, and Value

  “Concerning money, Karl Marx writes that David Ricardo, in occasional passages, ‘directly emphasizes that the quantity of labour embodied in a commodity constitutes the immanent measure of the magnitude of its value … only because labour is the...

Of Materialism

  “Materialism as an epistemological doctrine so often turns out to be a dualism, in which a materialism of the real object is combined with an idealism of theory and thought.” —Roy Edgely  

Of Karl Marx's Aristotelian Assumptions

  “Karl Marx’s belief in the eventual supercession of capitalist society by a socialist form is grounded in Aristotelian assumptions. Against Parmenides and Plato, Aristotle articulated a theory of coming to be and decay, which subtends Marx’s...

Of Karl Marx's Aristotelianism

  “Karl Marx’s work has a strong Aristotelian element.” —Jonathan E. Pike, From Aristotle to Marx: Aristotelianism in Marxist Social Ontology, 1999  

Of the Crisis of Marxism

  “The crisis of Marxism as an intellectual and political project has been brought to a head by the collapse of the regimes in Russia and Eastern Europe.  These events were overwhelmingly interpreted as entailing the end of the significance not...

Of Self-Made Men and Women

  The problem with right-wing conservatives is their exaggeration of the accomplishments of the wealthy, as if their successes, their achievements, their acquirements were their own attainments.  And these conservatives claim to be...

Of Fear and Courage

  “If it is fear that drives us into the clutches of religion, then it is courage that can set us free.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, 2005  

Of Religious Claims

  “For many people, certain religious claims are simply among the things that their parents taught them and are accepted on that basis.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, 2005  

Of Religion

  “Fear drives people to religion.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, 2005  

Of Religion

  “Religion was spawned by fear.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, 2005  

Of Moral Obligation

  “If God is dead, we have not been divinely commanded to help our fellow human beings.  Nevertheless, we have such an obligation, though it is derived from a different source.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe,...

Of Ethical Character

  “There is a heart of darkness inside each of us.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, 2005  

Of Faith and Personal Tragedy

  “The atheist may feel particular irritation toward the theist whose faith wobbles only after a personaltragedy.” —Erik Joseph Wielenberg, Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe, 2005  

Of Philosophy

  “To Philosophize is to Learn to Die.” —Michel de Montaigne  

Of Marxian Essentialism

  “Karl Marx was an essentialist.” —Scott Meikle, Essentialism in the Thought of Karl Marx, 1985  

Of Marxian Essentialism

  “The sort of essentialism held by Karl Marx is invulnerable to the familiar forms of attack made upon essentialism, and far from being a weakness in Marx’s thought, essentialism is its greatest strength and the powerhouse if his explanatory...

Of Marxian Science

  Karl Marx’s conception of science, his basic categories and forms of explanation, are essentialist, and therefore radically different in their nature from what they are taken to be in much contemporary Marxist thought.” —Scott Meikle,...

Of the Fear of Nature

  “It is fear of nature that gives rise to religion.” —Bertrand Arthur William Russell  

Of Ethical Consciousness

  “If 10 percent of the population were to take a consciously ethical outlook on life and act accordingly, the resulting change would be more significant than any change of government.” —Pete Singer  

Of Working

  “Some people love working, and some hate it.” —Gerald Allan Cohen, Why Not Socialism?, 2009  

Of Opportunity and Preferences

  “Under socialist equality of opportunity income differences obtain when they reflect nothing but different individual preferences, including income/leisure preferences.  People differ in their tastes, not only across consumer items, but also...

Of Equality of Opportunity

  “Promoting equality of opportunity is not only an equalizing, but also a redistributing, policy.” —Gerald Allan Cohen, Why Not Socialism?, 2009  

Of Capitalism, Oligarchy, and Freedom

  How do I characterize freedom in the context of modern capitalism and oligarchic statism?  Imagine a prisoner in his prison cell.  The prisoner may walk around his prison, but he may not leave it.